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HOLT v. THE STATE.
32204.
HILL, Justice.
Armed robbery, etc. Richmond Superior Court. Before Judge Fulcher.
No consideration of a question involving a lesser included crime can begin without a threshold inquiry: lesser included as a matter of law, or lesser included as a matter of fact? See State v. Estevez, 232 Ga. 316, 319-320 (206 SE2d 475) (1974). Motor vehicle theft, Code Ann. 26-1813, is not included under armed robbery, Code Ann. 26-1902, as a matter of law. Thus the question here is whether motor vehicle theft is a lesser included offense under armed robbery as a matter of fact in this case.
A person who takes a motor vehicle belonging to another from that person by use of an offensive weapon would be guilty of both armed robbery and motor vehicle theft but could be punished for only one crime. Code Ann. 26-506 (a). In Painter v. State, supra, the defendants took the victim's car keys at gunpoint and one defendant fled in the victim's car with $6,000 cash in the trunk. In that case the evidence of the taking (of the money as well as the vehicle) was the same.
In the case before us, however, the defendant committed armed robbery when he took the victim's money at gunpoint and he later committed motor vehicle theft when he drove off in the cab. The evidence establishing the commission of the one crime is not the same as the evidence which established commission of the other crime. The motor vehicle theft is not lesser included as a matter of fact.
Harris, McCracken, Pickett & Jackson, William R. McCracken, for appellant.
SUBMITTED APRIL 8, 1977 -- DECIDED SEPTEMBER 8, 1977.
Friday May 22 07:19 EDT


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