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Divorce. Laurens Superior Court. Before Judge Stephens. August 6, 1959.
HEAD, Justice.
1. The pleadings were sufficient to allege a cause of action for divorce on the ground of desertion.
2. The defendant could waive her right to a motion for new trial, and except directly to the refusal of the court to grant a nonsuit. Since any error in denying a motion for nonsuit is cured if the defendant supplies the deficiency in the evidence, the evidence as a whole must be examined to determine whether any error in refusing the nonsuit was cured by the evidence of the defendant.
3. The evidence for the plaintiff completely failed to establish the allegations of his petition, and the evidence for the defendant did not supply the deficiency in the plaintiff's evidence.
On August 1, 1957, Andrew Phillips filed an action for divorce against Helen Gladys Beam Phillips, alleging that he had been a bona fide resident of the State of Georgia for over six months next preceding the filing of the petition, and that the defendant is a resident of Union City, New Jersey. The trial judge passed an order to perfect service by publication. No pleadings were filed by the defendant, and on April 28, 1958, without the intervention of a jury, the judge entered a judgment granting a divorce between the parties.
On December 30, 1958, the defendant filed a motion to set aside the judgment on the grounds that she did not have notice of the pendency of the action until after the rendition of the judgment against her, and that the mandatory requirements of law with reference to service by publication had not been complied with. On January 15, 1959, the judge sustained the motion and vacated the judgment of divorce, and ordered that the proceeding be restored to a pending status and the defendant be allowed to file defensive pleadings.
On the same date the defendant filed general and special demurrers to the petition, and an answer. On July 23, 1959, the judge overruled the general demurrers, and the special demurrers, except the special demurrers to paragraphs 4 and 10 of the petition, which were sustained.
The case was tried on August 6, 1959, and prior to the introduction of any evidence, the defendant made an oral motion to dismiss the petition on the ground that it failed to state a cause of action. This motion was denied. The only evidence offered by the plaintiff was his own testimony. At the conclusion of this testimony, counsel for the defendant made a motion for a nonsuit, which was denied. The defendant then testified in her own behalf. The jury returned a verdict in favor of the plaintiff, and judgment was entered accordingly.
In her bill of exceptions the defendant excepts to the overruling of her general demurrers, and certain special demurrers; to the denial of her oral motion to dismiss; and to the refusal to grant her motion for a nonsuit. Error is assigned on the final judgment "on the grounds that same is contrary to law, and being controlled by erroneous antecedent rulings of the court herein-before assigned as error."
Cohabit means "to dwell together." Phinizy v. Phinizy, 154 Ga. 199, 215 (114 S. E. 185); Paris v. Paris, 197 Ga. 162, 164 (28 S. E. 2d 452). The natural inference to be drawn from the pleadings is that from the time of the marriage ceremony on July 2, 1956, until the date of the filing of the divorce action on August 1, 1957, the defendant wilfully refused to live with the plaintiff. The pleadings are therefore sufficient to allege a continuous refusal to cohabit, with intention to desert, for a period of one year, and would be sufficient to allege a cause of action for divorce. Sorrow v. Sorrow, 203 Ga. 146 (45 S. E. 2d 413).
The trial judge properly overruled the general grounds of the demurrers, and the oral motion to dismiss. The special grounds not sustained by the trial judge are not meritorious.
2. No motion for new trial was made in the present case, but error is assigned by direct bill of exceptions on the refusal to grant a nonsuit. "The overruling of a motion for a nonsuit can not be reviewed by a motion for new trial, but should be made the subject of direct exception." Dickson v. Citizens Bank & Trust Co., 184 Ga. 398 (8) (191 S. E. 379), and cases cited; Gregory v. Ross, 214 Ga. 306, 309 (2) (104 S. E. 2d 452).
Ordinarily, when there, has been a denial of a motion for nonsuit, the case proceeds to verdict, and this court reviews the evidence upon a motion for new trial. In such a case this court does not consider the refusal of the judge to grant a nonsuit, but deals with the broader question of whether or not the verdict was contrary to the evidence. Chattanooga Iron & Coal Corp. v. Shaw, 157 Ga. 869, 876 (122 S. E. 597).
3. The testimony of the plaintiff was evasive and contradictory, and he refused to answer some of the questions on cross-examination. "When the testimony of the plaintiff himself is being considered, there will be borne in mind the rule that if a plaintiff fails to establish the material allegations of his petition, or if his testimony is contradictory and uncertain as to such allegations, the court, on motion to nonsuit, should construe the evidence most strongly against him, and may, if no other testimony appears, be authorized to grant a nonsuit." Clark v. Bandy, 196 Ga. 546, 561 (27 S. E. 2d 17).
The testimony of the plaintiff in the present case completely failed to establish the allegations of his petition, and the trial judge erred in refusing to grant a nonsuit. The testimony of the defendant did not supply the deficiency in the plaintiff's evidence, and did not cure the error in refusing the nonsuit.
Judgment affirmed in part and reversed in part. All the Justices concur.
Paul J. Jones, Jr., Jones & Douglas, for plaintiff in error.
Saturday May 23 00:18 EDT

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