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Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
HOLLAND v. BOYETT.
19328.
HEAD, Justice.
1. In order for the occupants of a conveyance to be engaged in a joint enterprise, under the rules of law pertaining to negligence, there must be not only a joint interest in the objects and purposes of the undertaking, but also an equal right, express or implied, to direct and control the conduct of each other in the operation of the conveyance. Code 105-205; 5 Am. Jur. 786, 500; 38 Am. Jur. 923, 237; 65 C. J. 8. 813, 814, 168; Roach v. Western & Atlantic R. Co., 93 Ga. 785, 786 (4) (21 S. E. 67); Clement A. Evans & Co. v. Waggoner, 197 Ga. 857 (30 S. E. 2d 915); Fuller v. Mills, 36 Ga. App. 357 (136 S. E. 807); Griffin v. Browning, 51 Ga. App. 743, 745 (5) (181 S. E. 801); Jones Mercantile Co. v. Copeland, 54 Ga. App. 647 (188 S. E. 586); Hare v. Southern Ry. Co., 61 Ga. App. 159, 160 (6 S. E. 2d 65); Duncan v. Crisp, 68 Ga. App. 498, 502 (23 S. E. 2d 515); Sweet v. Awtry, 70 Ga. App. 334, 335 (4) (28 S. E. 2d 154); Atlanta Metallic Casket Co. v. Southeastern Wholesale Furniture Co., 82 Ga. App. 353 (61 S. E. 2d 196).
2. The defendant was not required to use his car as a condition of the agreement that the plaintiff would purchase supper for both. The facts alleged show that the plaintiff was a "guest" and not an "invitee" at the time he was injured, and the defendant would be liable only for gross negligence. Holtsinger v. Scarbrough, 69 Ga. App. 117 (24 S. E. 2d 869).
4. The Court of Appeals was correct in affirming the judgment overruling the general demurrer, but committed error in certain rulings. (See Holland v. Boyette, 93 Ga. App. 497, 92 S. E. 2d 222 for a statement of facts and the rulings made.) The further proceedings in this cause should be in accord with the rulings here made.
C. E. Hay, A. J. Whitehurst, contra.
Cain & Smith, for plaintiff in error.
ARGUED JUNE 11, 1956 -- DECIDED JULY 9, 1956.
Saturday May 23 02:26 EDT


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