Lavetta Thompson was convicted of felony murder while in the commission of an aggravated assault, and possession of a firearm during the commission of a crime, in connection with the shooting death of David Butler. 1
1. A week prior to the shooting, defendant pawned a VCR and a gun with the victim as security for a debt of $100. The victim thereafter refused defendant's demands that he return the goods without payment of the money. The day before the shooting a witness observed defendant hold a gun to the victim's head and pull the trigger; on that occasion the gun misfired. On the following day, the same witness observed defendant fire a shot into a parked car in which the victim was seated. The victim exited the car and attempted to run away, whereupon defendant fired two more shots, fatally wounding him.
The evidence was sufficient to enable a rational trier of fact to find defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt of the offenses for which he was convicted. Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U. S. 307 (99 SC 2781, 61 LE2d 560) (1979).
2. Defendant contends that the trial court erred in allowing the prosecuting attorney to cross-examine a defense character witness concerning defendant's past arrest record. He argues on appeal that the questions were improper under Medlock v. State, 264 Ga. 697 (449 SE2d 596) (1994)
The witness testified on direct examination that defendant is a nonviolent individual and a good father. On cross-examination, the witness was asked if her opinion of defendant would differ if she knew he had been arrested twice for criminal trespass, three times for disorderly conduct, motor vehicle theft, DUI, possession of a dangerous weapon, abusive language, resisting arrest, and assaulting a police officer. Defendant objected on grounds that the state failed to produce a certified copy of his arrest record, and that evidence of arrests was nonetheless irrelevant and inadmissible. The objection was overruled. The prosecutor offered to tender into evidence a non-certified copy of defendant's arrest record as reflected in a printout from the Georgia Crime Information Center. 2
The accuracy of the GCIC printout was not challenged at trial, nor was the document received into evidence. 3
When examining a defense character witness concerning other criminal charges brought against the defendant, the prosecuting officer is required to demonstrate that the "questions were asked in good faith, and based on reliable information that can be supported by admissible evidence." Christenson v. State, 261 Ga. 80 (402 SE2d 41) (1991)
. We recently reiterated that holding in Medlock v. State, supra.
The record in the present case establishes the prosecutor's "good faith" belief that his questions were based on "reliable information." The third criterion of Christenson and Medlock, that the information can be supported by admissible evidence, was also satisfied, even though the document upon which the prosecutor relied was not certified. See OCGA 24-3-17
(b), which allows for the introduction of records obtained from any terminal lawfully connected to the GCIC, without the need for additional certification. 4
Accordingly, we find no error in the trial court's ruling.
3. The court did not err in refusing to give defendant's requested jury instruction "that proof of the violent and turbulent character of the deceased can be shown to explain that the accused was honestly seeking to defend himself." 5
Defendant testified in his own defense that he shot only out of fear of being shot himself. The jury was given a complete charge on self-defense and justification, and was instructed that prior difficulties between the victim and the defendant may be illustrative of the state of feeling between the two. The requested charge was substantially covered by the charge actually given. Pruitt v. State, 258 Ga. 583 (373 SE2d 192) (1988)
4. The unimpeached testimony of the eyewitness constituted direct evidence that defendant shot and killed the victim. Accordingly, it was not error to fail to charge on circumstantial evidence in the absence of a request. Brooks v. State, 265 Ga. 548 (458 SE2d 349) (1995)
5. Any other asserted defects in the jury charge have been waived by defendant's failure either to object to those portions of the charge or to reserve the right to object on motion for new trial or appeal. Leavitt v. State, 264 Ga. 178 (3) (442 SE2d 457) (1994)
Stanley C. House, for appellant.