lawskills
Loading
Did you know you can download our entire database for free?


Resources
[more] 

Georgia Caselaw:
Browse
Greatest Hits

Georgia Code: Browse

(external) Findlaw Georgia Law Resources


This site exists because of donors like you.

Thanks!


Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
DARBY v. THE STATE.
A97A2571.
BLACKBURN, Judge.
Probation. Cobb Superior Court. Before Judge Staley.
Pursuant to a voluntary plea agreement regarding his conviction for theft by taking, Jerry Lee Darby was required to pay child support directly to his ex-wife, Gilda Lavendar Darby, as a special condition of his probation. Darby appeals the trial court's refusal to strike this special condition, contending that the condition is illegal and void. For the reasons discussed below, we affirm the trial court's denial of Darby's motion.
In determining probation conditions, "[t]he trial judge is expressly authorized by OCGA 17-10-1 (a) to suspend or probate all or any part of the entire sentence under such rules and regulations as the judge deems proper. OCGA 42-8-35 sets forth 12 conditions which may be imposed on probation. This list, however, is not exclusive. A trial court certainly has broad discretion to determine the terms and conditions of probation. In the absence of express authority to the contrary, we see no logical reason why any reasonable condition imposed for probation or suspension of a sentence by a trial court should not be approved." (Citations and punctuation omitted.) Tuttle v. State, 215 Ga. App. 396, 397 (2) (450 SE2d 863) (1994).
On November 19, 1992, Darby was indicted for the offense of theft by taking of monies belonging to Lockheed Georgia Employee's Federal Credit Union. On March 9, 1993, after paying restitution to Lockheed, Darby entered a plea of guilty to the crime pursuant to a negotiated plea agreement with the State. The trial court accepted the terms of this plea agreement, and Darby was sentenced to ten years of probation, with the special condition that he "pay [his ex-wife] Gilda Lavendar Darby the sum of two hundred ($200.00) by money order each and every Friday by 6 pm without fail for child support." The trial court also ordered that "for the payment of monies and for the protection of the public, [Darby] is to remain under the [court's] order of 10 years probation for the FULL term. The instant probation is not to be terminated or relaxed in any fashion."
1. In his first enumeration of error, Darby contends that the special condition of his probation requiring child support payments was illegal and void because it was unreasonable and fails to serve a legitimate purpose. We disagree.
OCGA 42-8-35 (10) explicitly states that the court may require that the probationer shall "[s]upport his legal dependents to the best of his ability." Because such a requirement ensures both that a probationer respects and fulfills his parental duties and that his children receive adequate support, it serves to foster the probationer's rehabilitation as an upstanding citizen and protects society's interest in the proper development of children. The condition that Darby pay $200 a week to his ex-wife is simply a specifically tailored exercise of the trial court's power to mandate that he support his legal dependents generally; therefore, Darby's contention that such condition was unreasonable and failed to serve a legitimate purpose is directly contrary to OCGA 42-8-35 on its face and must be rejected.
2. In his second enumeration of error, Darby contends that the special condition of his probation requiring child support payments was illegal and void because he was not charged with child abandonment. In light of our holding in Division 1 of this opinion, we reject Darby's claim that payment of child support may be made a condition of probation only in cases of child abandonment.
3. In his third enumeration of error, Darby contends that the special condition of probation was illegal and void because he was required to make payments directly to his ex-wife rather than to an entity authorized by law to receive such payments pursuant to OCGA 17-10-1. However, Darby failed to raise this issue in his motion to strike or at the corresponding hearing. "Therefore, there is no ruling by the trial court with regard to this issue. Issues presented for the first time on appeal furnish nothing for us to review, for this is a court for correction of errors of law committed by the trial court where proper exception is taken, because one may not abandon an issue in the trial court and on appeal raise questions or issues neither raised nor ruled on by the trial court." (Punctuation omitted.) Colley v. State, 225 Ga. App. 198, 201 (3) (483 SE2d 355) (1997).
Thomas J. Charron, District Attorney, Maria B. Golick, Debra H. Bernes, Nancy I. Jordan, Assistant District Attorneys, for appellee.
Wallace C. Clayton, Amelia G. Pray, for appellant.
DECIDED DECEMBER 18, 1997 -- CERT. APPLIED FOR.
Thursday May 21 04:23 EDT


This site exists because of donors like you.

Thanks!


Valid HTML 4.0!

Valid CSS!





Home - Tour - Disclaimer - Privacy - Contact Us
Copyright © 2000,2002,2004 Lawskills.com