Trudee L. Boulware appeals the trial court's grant of Quiktrip Corporation's motion for summary judgment in her action for psychological damages arising from a robbery at the Quiktrip store where she worked.
On November 26, 1992, while Boulware was working alone as an assistant manager at a Quiktrip store, three or four armed robbers entered the store, pointed sawed-off shotguns at Boulware and robbed the store. Boulware contends she has suffered severe emotional injuries after the robbery. Boulware deposed that she received a bruise on her back during the robbery when the robbers pushed her around. In addition to her claims of negligence, Boulware alleges in her complaint, the following: "After the armed robbery, [she] requested that she be moved to another position which would allow her to work without the fear of being the victim of another armed robbery. This request was denied and [Boulware] then requested that she be allowed to work on days so that she could work with less fear. The only solution offered by [Quiktrip] was for [Boulware] to take a cut in pay to a clerk's position, which she could not afford to do and support her minor child. Due to [Quiktrip's] failure to respond to [Boulware's] emotional trauma due to the armed robbery, [Boulware] was forced to resign."
Quiktrip contends that Boulware's action is barred by the exclusivity provision of the Workers' Compensation Act. See OCGA 34-9-11
(a). As this is an issue of law we review it de novo. See Bishop v. Mangal Bhai Enterprises, 194 Ga. App. 874 (1) (392 SE2d 535) (1990)
In her complaint, Boulware alleges that she has suffered severe emotional injuries proximately resulting from Quiktrip's negligence in failing to provide a safe place to work and in failing to allow her to change positions within the company. By her own allegations, Boulware's injuries arose out of and in the course of her employment. Boulware alleges a causal connection between the work she was required to perform and her injuries. Furthermore, "In McCormick v. Mark Heard Fuel Co., 183 Ga. App. 488 (2) (359 SE2d 171)
[(1987)], this Court applied the well-established rule that 'even if an employer's wilful failure to furnish a safe workplace for his employees results in an injury to those employees, their only recourse is under the Workers' Compensation Act.' There exists no legal basis compelling us to depart from this sage general rule." Zaytzeff v. Safety-Kleen Corp., 222 Ga. App. 48
, 51 (473 SE2d 565
) (1996). Therefore, Boulware's injuries fall within the purview of the Act, and her remedy, if any, lies exclusively under the provision of the Act. See Maxwell v. Hosp. Auth. of Dade, Walker &c., 202 Ga. App. 92
, 95 (413 SE2d 205
Whether Boulware's injuries are compensable under the Act is not before us, and the answer to that issue is not dispositive of whether this action falls within the Act's exclusivity provision. "That an injury is not compensable under the act does not necessarily mean it is not within the purview of the act. . . . In exchange for the right to recover scheduled compensation without proof of negligence on the part of the employer in those cases in which a right of recovery is granted, the employee forgoes other rights and remedies which he might otherwise have had, but if he accepts the terms of the Act he as well as the employer is limited to those things for which the Act makes provision." (Punctuation omitted.) Nat. Data Corp. v. Hooper, 185 Ga. App. 866
, 867 (366 SE2d 189
Our decision in Oliver v. Wal-Mart Stores, 209 Ga. App. 703 (434 SE2d 500) (1993)
is distinguishable from the present case. In Oliver, the employer accused the employee of stealing, and the employee sued for slander and intentional infliction of emotional distress. The employer's actions therein were intentional torts and they cannot be considered an "accident arising out of and in the course of employment." OCGA 34-9-1
(4). Intentional torts are not covered by the Act. See Griggs v. All-Steel Bldgs., 209 Ga. App. 253
, 255 (433 SE2d 89
) (1993) (action for fraud not covered by the Workers' Compensation Act).
Therefore, Quiktrip was within its rights to controvert Boulware's claim, and Boulware's actions in abandoning her workers' compensation claim and pursuing the present action do not support an estoppel argument.
Based on the foregoing, the present case is barred by the exclusivity provision of the Workers' Compensation Act and summary judgment was appropriate.