On his first appeal, appellant claimed that the trial court erred in denying his Batson objection. See Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U. S. 79 (106 SC 1712, 90 LE2d 69) (1986). The prosecution used nine of the ten objections to strike black jurors. Originally the trial court found that the appellant did not make a prima facie showing of discrimination since a higher percentage of African-Americans actually served on the jury than were available in the jury venire. We remanded the case to the trial court for a hearing on the issue of whether the prosecution's strikes were racially neutral using the "additional scrutiny" standard required by Weems v. State, 262 Ga. 101 (416 SE2d 84) (1992)
; Berry, 262 Ga. at 615.
At the hearing on remand, the prosecution explained its strategy for striking potential jurors. The prosecution excused women over the age of 50 because it felt that the defendant was young and would invoke pity from the older women. Older women, the state argued, would also be less likely to believe the "jailbird witnesses" for the state. Finally, the prosecution believed that the defense attorney's style and demeanor were more appealing to older women. In keeping with this strategy, the prosecution struck seven women over the age of fifty. The state did not, however, excuse two women, one black and one white, over the age of seventy. One woman had served on a grand jury and appeared to be a favorable juror for the state. The other juror, white and age 71, was, in the words of the prosecution, dressed in "high fashion," a "oner." She was independent and a working woman. The assistant district attorney conducting the trial felt she connected" with her and that this juror was "different" despite her age.
Two other jurors the state excused were African-Americans. The prosecution struck one woman, forty-one-year-old Clarice Byrd, because she seemed hostile. The prosecutor felt she "had to pull hens' teeth to get her to talk. . . ." The next venire member excused by the state was a black male. This strike was not contested by the appellant. The state excused this potential juror because the next member on the venire was a surgeon. Since the time of the death of the victim was an issue in the trial, the prosecution wanted a doctor on the jury. The trial court found that the state gave racially neutral reasons for each peremptory strike, and denied the appellant's motion for a new trial. In evaluating the trial court's findings, this Court must keep in mind the unique perspective the trial court judge has in evaluating the rationale given by the state. A cold transcript cannot convey all of the subtle nuances of the process of jury selection.
This court gives the trial court's findings great deference. Batson, 106 SC at 1723. This Court, however, will not subvert the policy of Batson by acting as a rubber stamp, accepting all nonracial explanations of the court without exception. The prosecution must show that its peremptory strikes of jurors are neutral, related to the case to be tried, and clear and reasonably specific. Gamble v. State, 257 Ga. 325
, 327 (357 SE2d 792
Because the prosecutor's reasons for striking the prospective jurors were racially neutral, related to the case to be tried, and presented clear and specific reasons for exercising the challenges, the trial court did not err in denying the Batson challenge. Walker v. State, 199 Ga. App. 638 (405 SE2d 736) (1991)
A concurring opinion by Justice Benham was inadvertently omitted from the advance sheets. It is set out on page 909 of this volume.
Lewis R. Slaton, District Attorney, Carl P. Greenberg, Leonora Grant, Assistant District Attorneys, Michael J. Bowers, Attorney General, Susan V. Boleyn, Senior Assistant Attorney General, C. A. Benjamin Woolf, Assistant Attorney General, for appellee.