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Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
MCBRIDE v. THE STATE.
A90A1064.
MCMURRAY, Presiding Judge.
Peeping Tom. DeKalb Superior Court. Before Judge Peters.
Defendant McBride appeals his conviction of the offense of "peeping Tom," OCGA 16-11-61. Held:
1. The first enumeration of error contends the trial court erred in charging the jury as follows: "I charge you that if you find beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant did peep or do similar acts for the purpose of spying or invading the privacy of others, the crime is complete regardless of who or what may have been seen." Defendant argues that the charge was not adjusted to the evidence since it was error to instruct the jury, in effect, that the identity of the victim was immaterial. However, this contention is without merit since under OCGA 16-11-61 the State is not required to show that a person is actually spied upon, the gravamen of the offense being that the spying took place regardless of whether the attempt to invade the privacy of another was successful. Chance v. State, 154 Ga. App. 543 (1) (268 SE2d 737); Butts v. State, 97 Ga. App. 465 (2) (103 SE2d 450). Thus, the allegation in the indictment as to the identity of the victim was mere surplusage, and the failure to prove this allegation is not a fatal variance requiring reversal of defendant's conviction. Kelly v. State, 188 Ga. App. 362, 363 (2) (373 SE2d 63). Nor was there any fatal variance between the allegations and proof under the criteria adopted in DePalma v. State, 225 Ga. 465, 469 (3) (169 SE2d 801).
2. Defendant also enumerates as error the trial court's refusal to charge the jury on criminal trespass as a lesser included offense. However, the evidence fails to raise any issue that defendant may be guilty only of the lesser crime. There is no evidence that defendant entered upon the premises of another for any unlawful purpose other than to commit the offense of "peeping Tom." Therefore, defendant was either innocent or guilty of the offense charged. This enumeration of error lacks merit. Roman v. State, 185 Ga. App. 32, 34 (3), 35 (363 SE2d 329); Hernandez v. State, 182 Ga. App. 797, 801 (3) (357 SE2d 131).
Robert E. Wilson, District Attorney, Barbara B. Conroy, Desiree L. Sutton, Michael D. Thorpe, Assistant District Attorneys, for appellee.
John D. McCord III, for appellant.
DECIDED JULY 13, 1990.
Saturday May 23 07:00 EDT


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