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TAB SALES, INC. v. D & D DISTRIBUTORS, INC.
58656.
SOGNIER, Judge.
Motion to set aside. DeKalb State Court. Before Judge Mitchell.
Tab Sales, Inc. appeals an order of the State Court of DeKalb County denying Tab's motion to vacate and set aside the judgment rendered by the trial court in favor of D & D Distributors, Inc.
After a hearing the trial court denied the motion.
1. As to the allegation that appellant's counsel received no notification of assignment for trial, the only reference in the record relating to this matter is the trial judge's order, which states that "[T]he above styled matter having regularly come before this Court on the published jury calendar . . ."
"Error must appear from the record sent to this court by the clerk of the trial court. [Cits.] The burden is on the party alleging error to show it affirmatively by the record. [Cits.]" Moye v. State, 127 Ga. App. 338, 341 (193 E2d 562) (1972). Accord, Johnson v. Cleveland, 131 Ga. App. 560, 561 (206 SE2d 704) (1974). Further, there is a presumption in favor of the proper conduct of court and judicial officers acting within their legitimate sphere. Code Ann. 38-114; Johnson v. Cleveland, supra. As the error does not appear from the record, this enumeration is without merit.
2. When appellant/defendant did not appear for trial, appellee presented evidence to the court and thereafter the trial judge directed the jury to return a verdict for plaintiff. Although appellee states in its brief that the judge did not direct a verdict as to damage, but only as to liability, this court cannot consider factual representations in a brief which do not appear on the record. Coweta Bonding Co. v. Carter, 230 Ga. 585, 586 (1) (198 SE2d 281) (1973); Konscol v. Konscol, 151 Ga. App. 696 (261 SE2d 438) (1979). The record shows that the jury entered a verdict for plaintiff in the amount of $14,215 damages and $4,690 attorney fees; the written verdict states that the finding was entered "at the direction of the court." Thus, there is nothing in the record to indicate that the court directed a verdict as to liability only. This was error, as Code Ann. 20-1411 provides that the question of damages is for the jury, and this has long been the rule. Realty Bond & Mtg. Co. v. Harley, 19 Ga. App. 186 (2) (91 SE 254) (1917). Also, it has long been held by this court that in suits where the expenses of litigation might be recovered as a part of the damages, it is error for the trial court to direct a verdict therefor. The matter of such expenses is left solely to the jury. Patterson & Co. v. Peterson, 15 Ga. App. 680, 684 (84 SE 163) (1915); Pritchett v. Rainey, 131 Ga. App. 521, 522 (206 SE2d 726) (1974); Altamaha &c. Center v. Godwin, 137 Ga. App. 394, 396 (224 SE2d 76) (1976). Accordingly, the trial court erred in denying appellant's motion to vacate and set aside the judgment.
Michael B. McKeithen, for appellee.
David L. G. King, Jr., for appellant.
SUBMITTED OCTOBER 15, 1979 -- DECIDED MARCH 10, 1980.
Friday May 22 01:23 EDT


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