1. Where, by the terms of Code (Ann.) 84-320, the General Assembly reposed the power to revoke the certificate of a licentiate, in the State Board for Examination, Qualification and Registration of Architects, making such action by the board final and conclusive, the superior court is without power to issue to such board a writ of certiorari in a given case where the board has revoked such a certificate, in order to review the action of the board.
2. Where this court discovers from the record that a judgment a superior court has been rendered in a matter where it has no jurisdiction of the subject-matter, and the case has been brought here for review by writ of error, this court will, either on motion or ex mero motu, reverse the judgment so rendered.
On March 18, 1959, the Superior Court of Fulton County entered the following order: "The foregoing certiorari coming on for hearing before me and after argument and review of the record, the court finds that there is no evidence of a material misrepresentation and it is ordered that the writ of certiorari is sustained and the action of the Georgia Board for Examination, Qualification and Registration of Architects in revoking the license and certificate of H. H. Beckanstin is reversed and set aside." On March 30, 1959, the court entered the following order: "The order of this court in the above stated case dated March 18, 1959, is hereby amended by adding thereto the following: It is the judgment of the court that petitioner, H. H. Beckanstin, is exonerated of the charge made against him in the complaint in this case."
The plaintiffs in error in the present bill of exceptions assign error upon these orders and allege: "Said court should not have found that there was no evidence to sustain the finding of the State Board for Examination, Qualification and Registration of Architects in revoking the defendant's license, and should not have written a final judgment in this case, and should not have exonerated the defendant, Beckanstin, of the charges made against him in the complaint in this case, but should have dismissed the certiorari, or should have sustained the certiorari and remanded the case back to the State Board for Examination, Qualification and Registration of Architects for another hearing."
1. Code (Ann.) 84-319 provides in part: "The State Board for Examination, Qualification and Registration of Architects may revoke any certificate after 30 days' notice, with grant of hearing to the holder thereof, if proof satisfactory to the said board shall be presented, in the following cases: (a) When it is shown that the certificate was obtained through fraud or misrepresentation . . ." By the terms of Code 84-320 it is provided: "Proceedings for the revocation of a certificate shall be begun by filing written charges" against the accused with the Board for the Examination and Registration of Architects through the Joint-Secretary, State Examining Boards. A time and place for the hearing of the charges shall be fixed by the said Board. Where personal service or service through counsel cannot be effected, service may be made by publication once a week for four weeks in a newspaper published in the county wherein the holder of said certificate is supposed to reside. At the hearing the accused shall have the right to be represented by counsel, to introduce evidence, and to examine and cross-examine witnesses. The Joint-Secretary shall make a written report of the findings of the Board, which report shall be filed with the Secretary of State, and which shall be conclusive." (Italics ours.)
O'Connor, 208 Ga. 39
, 64 S. E. 2d 890). By the terms of Code 84-320, a finding by the Board revoking a certificate is made final and conclusive. No attack has been made at any point during such proceedings on the constitutionality of the act from which this section was codified, nor has the act ever been held to be unconstitutional, insofar as we are aware. Consequently, under the present state of the law upon this subject, a licentiate of the State Board for Examination, Qualification and Registration of Architects may not by appeal, or writ of certiorari, have the action of the board in revoking his license reviewed. See in this connection, Skrine v. Jackson, 73 Ga. 377
; Aspironal Laboratories v. Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, 180 Ga. 544
(179 S. E. 709).
This ruling is not to be understood as holding that the licentiate whose certificate has been revoked is remediless and without access to the courts. If the board is believed to have acted arbitrarily, capriciously, or fraudulently, there can be no doubt that he may, by proper action in equity, apply to the superior court and have such action of the board reviewed, and prevent a defect of legal justice from ensuing. See Daniels v. Commissions, 147 Ga. 295 (93 S. E. 887); Wofford Oil Co. v. City of Calhoun, 183 Ga. 511, supra.
2. In view of what has been held in the foregoing division of this opinion, the Superior Court of Fulton County was without jurisdiction to issue, as it did, a writ of certiorari to the State Board of Examination, Qualification and Registration of Architects; and, where, as in the present case, it appears to an appellate court (either the Court of Appeals or the Supreme Court) that the trial court is without jurisdiction of the subject matter, the appellate court will, either on motion or ex mero motu, reverse the judgment of the trial court. Smith v. Ferrario, 105 Ga. 51
, 54 (31 S. E. 38); Cutts v. Scandrett, 108 Ga. 620
(34 S. E. 186); Mathis v. Rowland, 208 Ga. 571
(67 S. E. 2d 760); Sweatman v. Roberts, 213 Ga. 112
(97 S. E. 2d 320). All further action by the superior court was nugatory.