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Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
RAY v. WOOD.
36132.
Damages. Before Judge Brooke. Pickens Superior Court. December 19, 1955.
NICHOLS, J.
1, 2. A motion for new trial goes only to the verdict, and reaches only such errors of law and fact as contributed to the rendition of the verdict.
3. The evidence adduced on the trial of the case supported the verdict of W. E. Ray brought an action in the Superior Court of Pickens County against Nay Woods to recover for damage occasioned to his automobile as the result of a collision between the plaintiff's automobile and the defendant's automobile. The defendant filed a cross-action in which he sought to recover for damage to his automobile, as well as for physical injuries resulting from the same collision, including past, present, and future pain and suffering, and past, present, and future loss of earnings. Neither the plaintiff in the original action nor his counsel appeared for the trial of the case, and the same proceeded to trial on the defendant's cross-action. The jury returned a verdict for the defendant on the cross-action, which verdict was made the judgment of the trial court. The plaintiff filed a motion for new trial on the usual general grounds, which he later amended so as to include several special grounds. When the amended motion for new trial came on for a hearing, it was denied, and to this judgment the plaintiff excepts.
1. The plaintiff, in his first special ground of the amended motion for new trial, contends that the trial court erred in failing to dismiss his petition before proceeding to trial on the defendant's cross-action in accordance with Rule 41 of the Superior Court Rules of Procedure (Code, Ann. Supp., 24-3341).
This court and the Supreme Court have consistently held that an exception to a ruling on a motion to dismiss is not a proper ground of a motion for new trial. Taylor v. Globe Refinery Co., 127 Ga. 138 (56 S. E. 292); Gillis v. Powell, 129 Ga. 403 (58 S. E. 1051); Skinner v. Arthur & Westbrook, 14 Ga. App. 302 (80 S. E. 699); Mayeske v. Owen, 92 Ga. App. 121 (88 S. E. 2d 204). And as was said by the Supreme Court in Herz v. Claflin Co., 101 Ga. 615 (5) (29 S. E. 33): "A motion for new trial goes only to the verdict and reaches only such errors of law and fact as contributed to the rendition of the verdict; and therefore errors committed by the court in the rendition of a decree or judgment can not be reached by a motion for a new trial."
Although this ground of the motion for new trial does not complain of a ruling on a motion to dismiss, it does complain of a failure of the trial judge to dismiss the plaintiff's petition, and does not complain of any error of law or fact that contributed to the verdict. Therefore this is not a proper ground of a motion for new trial.
2. In the fifth ground of the amendment to the motion for new trial, the plaintiff urges that the trial was held without due notice to the plaintiff or his attorney and was held without the plaintiff or his attorney being present. This ground, like the special ground of the motion for new trial discussed in the previous division of this opinion, fails to set forth any error of law or fact that contributed to the verdict rendered. Therefore this special ground of the motion for new trial can not be considered.
3. The other special grounds are but amplifications of the general grounds, and will be considered along with them.
The defendant testified on the trial that the plaintiff, while driving his automobile at a high rate of speed in the same direction as the defendant, attempted to pass the defendant's automobile and cut sharply to the right and into the defendant's automobile, causing the defendant's automobile to turn over several times down an embankment on the right side of the road; that he was rendered unconscious by the collision and regained consciousness at the hospital, where he remained for two days; that he remained in bed for two weeks after leaving the hospital; and that he suffered injuries to his back, consisting of torn ligaments and muscles and severe and painful bruises and contusions on his arm and hand and to the right side of his face. He testified further that he was a farmer, 47 years of age, and capable of earning $10 per day, but that he was unable to work for a period of about four months after the collision; and that as a result of the collision he would be partially and permanently disabled, and he has not yet reached his maximum recovery. The defendant also testified as to the reasonable market value of his automobile both before and after the collision. The jury, after being charged by the court, returned a verdict for the defendant on his cross-action and against the plaintiff.
The plaintiff in his argument contends that the verdict was contrary to the evidence, in that the testimony of the defendant, as to his future disability and his future pain and suffering, was incompetent; and that, since this was the only evidence as to his future disability and future pain and suffering, the verdict is without evidence to support it.
While it is true that the testimony of a plaintiff is not competent as to his future pain and suffering and as to his future disability (Atlanta Street Ry. Co. v. Walker, 93 Ga. 462, 465, 21 S. E. 48), nevertheless, when incompetent evidence is unobjected to, its inadmissibility is waived and except in those instances where such incompetent evidence has no probative value, the jury is bound to consider the same. See, in this connection, Eastlick v. Southern Ry. Co., 116 Ga. 48 (42 S. E. 499); Atlanta Enterprises v. James, 68 Ga. App. 773 (24 S. E. 2d 130); Lamb v. Fedderwitz, 72 Ga. App. 406 (33 S. E. 2d 839); State Highway Board v. Coleman, 78 Ga. App. 54 (50 S. E. 2d 263); Thomas v. Ellis, 25 Ga. 137; and Massee v. Parrott, 29 Ga. App. 109 (4) (114 S. E. 225). Therefore, in view of what has been said, the verdict of the jury was supported by the evidence, and the trial court did not err in denying the plaintiff's motion for new trial.
Judgment affirmed. Felton, C. J., and Quillian, J., concur.
E. B. Judge, J. C. Bostain, for plaintiff in error.
the jury, and the trial court did not err in denying the plaintiff's motion for new trial. DECIDED APRIL 12, 1956.
Saturday May 23 02:35 EDT


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