The cross-action having alleged an express contract, a verdict based on quantum meruit was not authorized, and the court erred in denying the amended motion for new trial.
Mrs. Helen Walter sued Carl E. Arp and Reid Pickelsimer for $421.21, alleged to be owed her by the defendants because of the facts set out in the petition. The petition alleges in substance that the plaintiff contracted with the defendants for them to build for her a motel. A copy of the contract is attached to the petition as an exhibit. The plaintiff further alleges that under the contract the defendants were to pay for certain materials used in the construction of the motel, but that they have not paid for certain of the materials so used, and that she has become liable for payment for the materials, for the price of which she prays judgment. The defendants by cross-action allege that after the contract referred to in the plaintiff's petition was entered into, the plaintiff and the defendants agreed that the defendants would construct certain cabins and other improvements in addition to those named in the contract. A list of such additions is attached as an exhibit. The defendants further allege that they have not been paid in full for such additional work, and pray that the amount set out by the cross-action be set off against the plaintiff's action, and that they have a judgment for the overplus. The jury returned a verdict for the defendants on their cross-action, and the plaintiff moved for a new trial. The amended motion for new trial was denied, and the plaintiff excepts.
The defendants based their cross-action on the following allegation: "That after the contract, referred to in paragraph 5 of plaintiff's petition and set out as 'Exhibit A', was entered into by these defendants, the plaintiff, Mrs. Helen Walter Cowart, and her partner and husband, R. L. Cowart, made additional verbal contracts with these defendants to do extra work connected with the premises referred to in the petition, and also to furnish additional material for said project. The extra work contracted for and done by these defendants is shown on an itemized statement, copy of which is hereto attached being marked 'Exhibit A', and made a part of this answer and cross-bill, the total amount thereof being the sum of $5,427." Exhibit A attached to the cross-action is an itemized list of the additional work agreed to be done, with an amount opposite each item and a total of $5,427.
O'Neal, 21 Ga. App. 563 (94 S. E. 835); Blackston v. Durant, 65 Ga. App. 86 (15 S. E. 2d 261). Allowing the evidence as to the value of the additional work done to be introduced unobjected to did not have the effect of amending the petition to allege on a quantum meruit theory, because, in cases where an express contract has been alleged, an actual amendment to the petition setting out a quantum meruit theory is necessary before a recovery can be had on that theory. Terrell v. Harris, 42 Ga. App. 760, 764 (157 S. E. 387); Blackston v. Durant, supra. An express contract having been alleged, the verdict based on an implied promise to pay was not authorized.
The plaintiff in error complains that the court erred in not charging the law applicable to the issues involved in the case. As it is always the duty of the court to charge without request the law applicable to the issues raised by the pleading and evidence, the error, if in fact the court so erred, will not likely occur on a new trial of the case; therefore it is not necessary to rule on this assignment of error.
The court erred in denying the amended motion for a new trial.
Judgment reversed. Sutton, C. J., and Worrill, J., concur.