The evidence authorized the court, sitting without the intervention of a jury, to find that the defendant in fi. fa. is subject to employment security taxation.
The State Revenue Commissioner of Georgia issued an unemployment contribution fi. fa. against Benton Rapid Express under the provisions of Code (Ann. Supp.) 54-650.1 to recover unemployment compensation taxes with respect to D. L. Carter of Vidalia, Georgia, and any other individuals working for Carter in pursuance of his work for Benton Rapid Express, who, it is contended, come within the provisions of the Employment Security Law (Code, Ann. Supp., 54-001 et seq.). The Sheriff of Fulton County levied upon certain of the property of Benton Rapid Express which interposed an affidavit of illegality. The State Revenue Commissioner traversed the affidavit of illegality and the issue was joined. Following a stipulation between the parties, approved by the court, evidence was introduced, and the trial court entered the following order and judgment:
"It is stipulated by the parties that the above stated case be determined by the court without a jury, and that the court determine the defendant's liability or non-liability for unemployment compensation taxes with respect to D. L. Carter and his employees, and that, in the event that said defendant was liable for said taxes, the parties would then determine the amount of the taxes, and that, in the event the court determined that defendant was not liable for said taxes, the levy of the fi. fa. in the above stated case would be dismissed. The court finds as a matter of fact that the defendant is a common carrier of goods and that its route passes through Vidalia, Georgia. The court further finds as a matter of fact that the principal occupation for D. L. Carter and his employees is the picking up goods from various shippers in Vidalia, Georgia, and the hauling of same to a warehouse in Vidalia, Georgia, the loading of said goods therefrom on the trucks or trailers of the defendant and carried by said defendant to the consignees designated by said [shippers?] merchants; the unloading of goods from the trucks and trailers of the defendant which it had brought into Vidalia as a common carrier and which said goods had been consigned to various merchants or residents of Vidalia, Georgia; that said goods were then taken from said warehouse and delivered by D. L. Carter and his employees to persons in Vidalia to whom the same had been consigned. The court further finds as a matter of fact that the said D. L. Carter received from the defendant as compensation for said services a fixed sum determined by the hundred weight and determination of the goods thus handled. The court further finds as a matter of fact that said D. L. Carter was a commissioned agent of said defendant. See Commonwealth v. Minds Coal Mining Corporation [360 Pa. 7], 60 Atlantic Reporter 2nd Series  at page 20, (6-12) b. The court further finds as a matter of fact that such services of the said D. L. Carter and his employees were and are rendered in an establishment devoted primarily to use as a storage room for the property carried and to be carried by said defendant as a common carrier. It is, therefore, considered, ordered and adjudged that said defendant is liable for the unemployment compensation tax provided by law on the wages and compensation of D. L. Carter and his two employees."
By direct bill of exceptions, the defendant in fi. fa. excepted to that judgment.
By the terms of Code, Ann. Supp., 54-657 (f), it is provided: " 'Employing unit' means any individual or type of organization . . . which has, or subsequent to January 1, 1936, had in its employ one or more individuals performing services for it within this State . . . Each individual employed to perform or to assist in performing the work of any agent or employee of an employing unit shall be deemed to be employed by such employing unit for all the purposes of this Chapter, whether such individual was hired or paid directly by such employing unit or by such agent or employee, provided the employing unit had actual or constructive knowledge of such work. Provided that a common carrier of persons or property shall not, by reason of anything in this subsection (f) contained, be deemed, for the purposes of this Chapter, to employ any individual in the employ of a commission agent for such common carrier, if the services performed by such commission agent for such common carrier do not themselves constitute 'employment' as in subsection (h) hereof defined."
Employment is defined in subsection (h) as follows: ". . . service performed after December 31, 1940, . . . for wages or under any contract of hire, written or oral, express or implied."
In section (6) of subsection (h) of Code (Ann. Supp.) 54-657, it is provided that: "Services performed by an individual for wages shall be deemed to be employment subject to this Chapter unless and until it is shown to the satisfaction of the Commissioner [of Labor] that: (A) Such individual has been and will continue to be free from control or direction over the performance of such services, both under his contract of service and in fact; and (B) Such service is either outside the usual course of the business for which such service is performed, or that such service is performed outside of all the places of business of the enterprise for which such service is performed; and (C) Such individual is customarily engaged in an independently established trade, occupation, profession or business." Under this section of the statute, Carter's services presumptively came within the statutory definition of employment until the defendant carrier shoWed conjunctively the three conditions indicated under (A), (B), and (C) of the section indicated above. Babb & Nolan v. Huiet, 67 Ga. App. 861, 867 (21 S. E. 2d, 663).
But, by section 7 of subsection (h) it is also provided: "But the term 'employment' shall not include: . . . (O) Services performed for an employer who is a common carrier of persons or property by an individual (or firm or corporation), as commission agent, in disseminating information with respect to, and selling, transportation of persons or property, and in maintaining facilities incidental thereto, including waiting, lunch or restrooms for passengers and storage space for property, provided that (1) all such services are performed by such individual (or firm or corporation) as an independent contractor for such employer and are remunerated solely by way of commissions on the sale price of such transportation, (2) the employer exercises no general control over such commission agent but only such control as is necessary to assure compliance with its filed tariffs and with the laws of the United States and the State of Georgia, and the rules and regulations of the Public Service Commission, the Interstate Commerce Commission and all other regulatory bodies shaving jurisdiction in the premises, and (3) such services are not rendered in an establishment devoted primarily to use as a waiting room for the passengers or storage room for the property carried or to be carried by such common carrier."
The evidence introduced at the trial, under a proper construction of the language of our statute itself, is determinative of the only issue of whether the carrier is subject to taxation on the wages of D. L. Carter and his employees.
It is clear from the provisions of the statute that employment security taxation on wages of employees of "employing units" is required of every employing unit in this State unless specifically exempted, and it is also clear that such taxation extends to the wages of individuals employed to perform or to assist in performing the work of any agent or employee of an employing unit, whether such individuals were hired or paid directly by such employing unit or by such agent or employee if the employing unit had actual or constructive knowledge of such work, but the employees of a commission agent of a common carrier are not to be considered employees of the common carrier employing unit unless the services performed by the commission agent come within the definition of employment prescribed by the statute.
The question for determination can therefore be narrowed to this: Does the evidence introduced upon the trial authorize a finding that the services performed by Carter for Benton Rapid Express come within the statutory definition of employment?
As we have said, presumptively Carter's services come within the definition of employment unless it be affirmatively shown that conditions (A), (B), and (C) of section (6) of subsection (h) exist conjunctively; but by the provisions of section (7) of subsection (h) services performed by commission agents of common carriers of persons or property are excluded from the definition of employment if (1) all such services are performed by such commission agent as an independent contractor and are remunerated solely by way of commissions on the sale price of such transportation; (2) the employer exercises no general control over such commission agent except as is necessary to assure compliance with its filed tariffs and the laws of the United States and the State of Georgia, and the rules and regulations of the Public Service Commission and the Interstate Commerce Commission; and (3) such services are not rendered in an establishment devoted primarily to use as a waiting room for the passengers or storage room for property carried or to be carried by such common carrier. Carter owned a warehouse in Vidalia, Georgia, and for a commission, based upon the hundred weight of freight handled by him, he picks up, stores, and delivers freight for Benton Rapid Express. This work constitutes his principal business and ninety per cent of the space in the warehouse is devoted to storage of freight for Benton Rapid. Under this evidence the court was authorized to find that Carter's services came within the definition of employment prescribed, unless the defendant carrier showed conjunctively the three conditions imposed by section (6) of subsection (N). Under the evidence on this point the court was authorized to find that Carter was not an independent contractor as Benton Rapid Express could "turn . . . [Carter] off any day that they wanted to." The court did not err in finding in favor of the fi. fa.
Judgment affirmed. Gardner, P. J., and Townsend, J., concur.