This court granted the application for writ of certiorari to review the decision and judgment of the Court of Appeals in Culwell v. Lomas & Nettleton Co., 145 Ga. App. 519 (244 SE2d 61) (1978)
involving the dismissal of appeals filed against American Bankers Life Assurance Company of Florida and United American Life Insurance Company.
The Court of Appeals held that in a suit against multiple defendants, when one party obtains summary judgment against another party, the losing party must appeal within 30 days from that ruling under Code Ann. 81A-156 (h) or lose his right to appellate review of the grant of summary judgment. This decision has the collateral effect of making the grant of summary judgment res judicata of the issue. We disagree and reverse.
The entry of a judgment as to one or more but fewer than all of the claims or parties is not a final judgment under Code Ann. 6-701 (a) 1 and lacks res judicata effect unless the trial court makes an express direction for the entry of the final judgment and a determination that no just reason for delaying the finality of the judgment exists. Code Ann. 81A-154 (b); Walker v. Robinson, 232 Ga. 361 (207 SE2d 6) (1974)
; 10 Wright & Miller, Federal Practice and Procedure: Civil, p. 90, 2661 (1973). If the trial court does certify that the judgment is final and ripe for review under Code Ann. 81A-154 (b), the time for appeal begins to run. No certification was made in this case.
Allstate Ins. Co., 133 Ga. App. 193 (1a) (210 SE2d 361) (1974) is overruled.
The Court of Appeals erred in dismissing the appeals filed by appellant Culwell against American Bankers Life Assurance Company of Florida and United American Life Insurance Company.
HILL, Justice, concurring.
I concur in the opinion and judgment of the court insofar as it applies to a motion for summary judgment granted to one or more but less than all defendants. Although the rule may be equally applicable where summary judgment is granted to one or more but less than all plaintiffs, we do not have that issue before us.