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Georgia State Code
Title      11
Chapter       3  
Section Navigation   101 ... 110       111 ... 201   
   202 ... 304       305 ... 402   
     403 ... 412       413 ... 502   
   503 ... 605     
Section<<< 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 >>>  
Title 11, Chapter 3, Section 404 (11-3-404)
Impostors; fictitious payees.

(a) If an impostor, by use of the mails or otherwise, induces the issuer of an instrument to issue the instrument to the impostor, or to a person acting in concert with the impostor, by impersonating the payee of the instrument or a person authorized to act for the payee, an indorsement of the instrument by any person in the name of the payee is effective as the indorsement of the payee in favor of a person who, in good faith, pays the instrument or takes it for value or for collection.

(b) If a person whose intent determines to whom an instrument is payable in accordance with subsection (a) or (b) of Code Section 11-3-110 does not intend the person identified as payee to have any interest in the instrument or the person identified as payee of an instrument is a fictitious person, the following rules apply until the instrument is negotiated by special indorsement:

(1) Any person in possession of the instrument is its holder; and

(2) An indorsement by any person in the name of the payee stated in the instrument is effective as the indorsement of the payee in favor of a person who, in good faith, pays the instrument or takes it for value or for collection.

(c) Under subsection (a) or (b) of this Code section, an indorsement is made in the name of a payee if (i) it is made in a name substantially similar to that of the payee; or (ii) the instrument, whether or not indorsed, is deposited in a depositary bank to an account in a name substantially similar to that of the payee.

(d) With respect to an instrument to which subsection (a) or (b) of this Code section applies, if a person paying the instrument or taking it for value or for collection fails to exercise ordinary care in paying or taking the instrument and that failure substantially contributes to loss resulting from payment of the instrument, the person bearing the loss may recover from the person failing to exercise ordinary care to the extent the failure to exercise ordinary care contributed to the loss.

Saturday May 23 16:05 EDT


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