Title 15, Chapter 9, Section 30.4
(a) Subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this Code section, in addition to any other jurisdiction vested in the probate courts, such courts shall have the right and power to conduct trials, receive pleas of guilty, and impose sentence upon defendants for violating the provisions of Code Section 12-3-10. Such jurisdiction shall be concurrent with other courts having jurisdiction over such violations.
(b) A probate court shall not have the power to dispose of
misdemeanor cases as provided in subsection (a) of this Code section
unless the defendant shall first waive in writing a trial by jury.
If the defendant does not waive a trial by jury, the defendant shall
notify the court and, if reasonable cause exists, the defendant
shall be immediately bound over to a court in the county having
jurisdiction to try the offense wherein a jury may be impaneled.