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Georgia State Code
Title      31
Chapter       7  
Section Navigation     1 ... 6           7 ... 14    
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     131 ... 152       153 ... 163   
   164 ... 176.1     177 ... 196   
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Section<<< 131 132 133 140 141 142 143 150 151 152 >>>  
Title 31, Chapter 7, Section 131 (31-7-131)

As used in this article, the term:

(1) "Peer review" means the procedure by which professional health care providers evaluate the quality and efficiency of services ordered or performed by other professional health care providers, including practice analysis, inpatient hospital and extended care facility utilization review, medical audit, ambulatory care review, claims review, underwriting assistance, and the compliance of a hospital, nursing home, convalescent home, or other health care facility operated by a professional health care provider with the standards set by an association of health care providers and with applicable laws, rules, and regulations.

(2) "Professional health care provider" means an individual who is licensed, or an organization which is approved, to practice or operate in the health care field under the laws of Georgia, including, but not limited to, the following individuals or organizations:

(A) A physician;

(B) A dentist;

(C) A podiatrist;

(D) A chiropractor;

(E) An optometrist;

(F) A psychologist;

(G) A pharmacist;

(H) A registered or practical nurse;

(I) A physical therapist;

(J) An administrator of a hospital, a nursing or convalescent home, or other health care facility;

(K) A corporation or other organization operating a hospital, a nursing or convalescent home, or other health care facility, as well as the officers, directors, or employees of such corporation or organization or the members of such corporation's or organization's governing board who are performing a peer review function;

(L) A rehabilitation supplier registered with the State Board of Workers' Compensation; and

(M) An occupational therapist.

(3) "Review organization" means the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Such term also means any other national accreditation body or any panel, committee, or organization:

(A) Which: (i) Is primarily composed of professional health care providers;

(ii) Is an insurer, self-insurer, health maintenance organization, preferred provider organization, provider network, or other organization engaged in managed care; or

(iii) Provides professional liability insurance for health care providers; and

(B) Which engages in or utilizes peer reviews and gathers and reviews information relating to the care and treatment of patients for the purposes of:

(i) Evaluating and improving the quality and efficiency of health care rendered;

(ii) Reducing morbidity or mortality;

(iii) Evaluating claims against health care providers or engaging in underwriting decisions in connection with professional liability insurance coverage for health care providers;

(iv) Compiling aggregate data concerning the procedures and outcomes of hospitals for the purposes of evaluating the quality and efficiency of health care services. Under no circumstances shall any such aggregate data or any other peer review information relating to an individual professional health care provider be disclosed or released to any person or entity without the express prior written consent of such health care provider, but such aggregate data or other peer review information may be released to another review organization upon the written request of such organization if such requesting review organization has specific reason to believe that immediate access to such aggregate data or information is necessary to protect the public health, safety, and welfare. Such aggregate data and other peer review information shall be used for peer review purposes only and in no event shall such aggregate data or any other peer review information be sold or otherwise similarly distributed, but a review organization shall be authorized to utilize the services of and pay a fee to another person or entity to compile or analyze such aggregate data; or

(v) Evaluating the quality and efficiency of health care services rendered by a professional health care provider in connection with such provider's participation as or request to participate as a provider in or for an insurer, self-insurer, health maintenance organization, preferred provider organization, provider network, or other organization engaged in managed care; or

(vi) Performing any of the functions or activities described in Code Section 31-7-15.

Saturday May 23 11:06 EDT


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