Title 37, Chapter 7, Section 147
(a) At the time a patient is admitted to any facility under this
chapter, that facility shall use diligent efforts to secure the
names and addresses of at least two representatives, which names and
addresses shall be entered in the patient's clinical record.
(b) The patient may designate one representative; the second representative or, in the absence of designation of one representative by the patient, both representatives shall be selected by the facility. If the facility is to select both representatives, it must make one selection from among the following persons in the order of listing: the patient's legal guardian, spouse, adult child, parent, attorney, adult next of kin, or adult friend, provided that, in the case of a patient whose representative or representatives have been appointed by the court under Code Section 37-7-62, the facility shall not select a different representative. The second representative shall also be selected from the above list but without regard to the order of listing, provided that the second representative shall not be the person who filed the petition to have the patient admitted to the facility.
(c) If the facility is unable to secure at least two representatives
after diligent search or if the department is the guardian of the
patient, that fact shall be entered in the patient's clinical record
and the facility shall apply to the court in the county of the
patient's residence for the appointment of a guardian ad litem,
which guardian ad litem shall not be the department. On application
of any person or on its own motion, the court may also appoint a
guardian ad litem for a patient for whom two representatives have
been named whenever the appointment of a guardian ad litem is deemed
necessary for protection of the patient's rights. Such guardian ad
litem shall also act as representative of the patient and shall have
the powers granted to representatives by this chapter.
(d) At any time notice is required by this chapter to be given to
the patient's representatives, such notice shall be served on the
representatives designated under this Code section. The patient's
guardian ad litem, if any, shall likewise be served. Unless
otherwise provided, notice may be served in person or by first class
mail. When notice is served by mail, a record shall be made of the
date of mailing and shall be placed in the patient's clinical
record. Service shall be completed upon mailing.
(e) At any time notice is required by this chapter to be given to
the patient, the date on which notice is given shall be entered on
the patient's clinical record. If the patient is unable to
comprehend the written notice, a reasonable effort shall be made to
explain the notice to him.
(f) At the time a court enters an order pursuant to this chapter,
such order and notice of the date of entry of the order shall be
served on the patient and his representatives as provided in
subsection (d) of this Code section.
(g) Notice of an involuntary patient's admission to a facility shall
be given to his representatives in writing. If such involuntary
admission is to an emergency receiving facility, notice shall also
be given by that facility to the patient's representatives by
telephone or in person as soon as possible.
(h) In every instance in which a court shall appoint a guardian ad
litem for any person pursuant to the terms of this chapter, such
guardianship shall be for the limited purpose stated in the order of
the court and shall expire automatically after 90 days or after a
lesser time stated in the order. The responsibility of the guardian
ad litem shall not extend beyond the specific purpose of the