Title 40, Chapter 3, Section 32
(a) If an owner transfers his interest in a vehicle other than by
the creation of a security interest, he shall, at the time of
delivery of the vehicle, execute an assignment and warranty of title
to the transferee in the space provided therefor on the certificate
of title or as the commissioner prescribes and cause the certificate
and assignment to be delivered to the transferee. If the transferor
willfully fails to deliver the properly assigned certificate of
title to the transferee, the transferor shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor. In addition, the transferor shall be civilly liable to
the transferee for all damages, including reasonable attorney's
fees, occasioned by the transferor's failure to comply with this
(b) Except as provided in Code Section 40-3-33, the transferee, promptly after delivery to him of the vehicle and certificate of title, shall execute the application for a new certificate of title on the form the commissioner prescribes and cause the application and the certificate of title to be mailed or delivered to the commissioner or his appropriate authorized county tag agent together with the application for change of registration for the vehicle, so that the title application shall be received within 90 days from the date of the transfer of the vehicle. If the title application is not received within that time, the owner shall be required to pay a penalty of $10.00 in addition to the ordinary title fee provided for by this chapter. If the documents submitted in support of the title application are rejected, the party submitting the documents shall have 60 days from the date of initial rejection to resubmit the documents required by the commissioner for the issuance of title. If the documents are not properly resubmitted within 60 days, there shall be an additional $10.00 penalty assessed, and the owner of the vehicle shall be required to remove immediately the license plate of the vehicle and return same to the commissioner. The license plate shall be deemed to have expired at 12:00 Midnight of the sixtieth day following the initial rejection of the documents, if the documents have not been resubmitted as required under this subsection.
(c) If a security interest is reserved or created at the time of the transfer, the certificate of title shall be retained by or delivered to the person who becomes the lienholder, and the parties shall comply with Code Section 40-3-51.
(d) Except as provided in Code Section 40-3-33 and as between the parties, a transfer by an owner is not effective until this Code section and Code Section 40-3-33 have been complied with; and no purchaser or transferee shall acquire any right, title, or interest in and to a vehicle purchased by him unless and until he shall obtain from the transferor the certificate of title thereto, duly transferred in accordance with this Code section.
(e) The commissioner shall promulgate procedures and provide forms
whereby a prospective purchaser may, if such prospective purchaser
desires, have the commissioner's or the commissioner's duly
authorized county tag agent's records searched for undisclosed
certificates of title and security interests.