Charles Parson Smith, Jr., entered a plea of guilty in 1995 to felony murder in connection with the shooting death of Bettie Holmes. In 1997, he filed a motion for an out-of-time appeal on the grounds that his lawyer never advised him of his right to appeal his conviction. The trial court denied the motion and we affirm.
An out-of-time appeal is granted in this state when a defendant has the right to file a direct appeal, but is denied that right due to ineffective assistance of counsel. 1
We have held that a defendant who enters a guilty plea has the right to file a direct appeal from the conviction and judgment "only if the issue on appeal can be resolved by facts appearing in the record." 2
Thus, we recently concluded that a defendant could not file an out-of-time appeal from a guilty plea based on his attorney's failure to inform him of his right to appeal because he proposed no questions to raise on appeal that could be resolved by facts appearing in the record. 3
Because the defendant in this case seeks to raise the same issue of trial counsel's failure to inform him of his right to appeal, which cannot be decided by a review of the existing record, the trial court properly denied his motion to file an out-of-time appeal. 4
Smith's remedy for challenging his ineffective assistance of counsel and other claims is through a petition for the writ of habeas corpus.
For the reasons amply expressed in my dissents in Morrow v. State 5
and Grantham v. State, 6
addition to those reasons expressed by Chief Justice Benham in Smith v. State, 7
I respectfully dissent.
I am authorized to state that Chief Justice Benham joins in this dissent.