Intervenors in this case appeal from adverse judgments rendered on December 1 and 8, 1965. These judgments appointed a permanent receiver for certain property and adjudicated that attorney's fees and interest were chargeable under a security deed on such property. Chronologically, after the judgment of December 8, 1965, on December 20, 1965, the intervenors, appellants here, filed a petition for removal in the United States District Court, Northern District of Georgia, Atlanta Division. On March 17, 1966, the district court, finding that removal was not authorized, remanded the case to the State court. On March 25, 1966, the appellants then filed their notice of appeal.
L. 1965, 13, pp. 18, 29 (Code Ann. 6-809), as amended Ga. L. 1965, pp. 240, 243, providing that no appeal shall be dismissed except for failure to file the notice of appeal within the time required by the Act. Held:
We recognize that under the Federal removal statute proper compliance with the procedural requirements therein "shall effect the removal and the State court shall proceed no further unless and until the case is remanded." 28 USCA 1446 (e). This has been construed to mean that upon a compliance with the procedural steps of the statute, until and unless the case is remanded, no valid proceedings can be taken in the State court, and any action taken in the State court prior to remanding the cause to the State court will have no force or effect. Hopson v. North American Ins. Co., 71 Idaho, 461 (233 P2d 799, 25 ALR2d 1040). The Court of Appeals held in Allen v. Hatchett, 91 Ga. App. 571
, 576 (86 SE2d 662
): "the jurisdiction of the State court was suspended until the case was remanded to it by the Federal court, at which time the State court resumed jurisdiction, and the case stood as it did at the time of removal."
GRICE, Justice, dissenting. I would deny the motion to dismiss the appeal. The taking of the procedural steps for removal of the cause to the Federal court suspended the jurisdiction of the State court until the case was remanded to it by the Federal court. When the case was remanded it stood as it did at the time of removal. See Allen v. Hatchett, 91 Ga. App. 571
, 575-577 (86 SE2d 662
). The judgments appealed from were rendered on December 1 and 8, 1965; the petition for removal to the Federal court was filed on December 20, 1965; the case was remanded to the State court on March 17, 1966; and the notice of appeal was filed on March 25, 1966. Thus, counting only the time the case was within the jurisdiction of the State court, this appeal was filed within the 30 days allowed by Section 5 of the Appellate Practice Act of 1965. Ga. L. 1965, pp. 18, 21 (Code Ann. 6-803). To hold that the appeal is too late is, as I view it, to deny appellants the 30 days in which to appeal, as afforded by that Act.
I am authorized to state that Mr. Justice Mobley concurs in this dissent.