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GAY v. RADFORD, et vice versa.
17115.
17116.
DUCKWORTH, Chief Justice.
Equitable petition. Before Judge Perryman. McDuffie Superior Court. January 25, 1950.
1. Where the father of the plaintiff died intestate, holding possession of lands under a bond for title with a part of the purchase-price paid, he had a beneficial interest or equitable estate therein which descended to his heirs at law, and the plaintiff as the sole heir at law could bring an equitable action on the bond for title. Code 113-901, 113-1603; Simpson v. Fox, 69 Ga. 753; Stonecypher v. Coleman, 161 Ga. 403 (131 S. E. 75). But before the heirs at law of a deceased intestate can recover land which had belonged to the estate of such intestate, they must allege and prove that there was no administration on the estate, or that the administrator, if there was one, assented to their bringing suit. Greenfield v. McIntyre, 112 Ga. 691 (38 S. E. 44); Crummey v. Bentley, 114 Ga. 746 (40 S. E. 765); Clark v. Moody, 197 Ga. 683, 684 (4) (30 S. E. 2d, 181), and citations.
2. The plaintiff's amendment, "Plaintiff alleges on information and belief that during his minority there was no guardianship that he was under, and that the estate of his father was not and is not being administered," is sufficient to meet the requirement of headnote (1) above, since a positive allegation based upon information and belief is permissible. Allen v. Allen, 196 Ga. 736, 747 (7) (27 S. E. 2d, 679); Stowe v. Hargrove, 203 Ga. 735 (3) (48 S. E. 2d, 454). The facts here are not presumably within the knowledge of the plaintiff and are not vague averments of information and belief, but are positive averments of facts. Further, these are not the ultimate facts upon which the plaintiff's cause of action is predicated, but merely averments of negative facts which must be complied with in order for the plaintiff to bring the cause of action. For a further discussion, see Nance v. Daniel, 183 Ga. 538 (189 S. E. 21); Bailey v. B. F. Coggins Granite & Marble Industries, 192 Ga. 72 (14 S. E. 2d, 568); Allen v. Allen, supra, and cases cited therein.
3. Nor can it be said that this suit is barred by laches (Code, 37-119), since the statute of limitations will not run against a minor ( 85-411), there having been no administrator or guardian appointed during his minority, and there having been no great delay in bringing this action after this minor reached his majority within less than four years ago. See Freeman v. Cooper, 14 Ga. 235 (2); Baker v. Baker, 134 Ga. 138 (2) (67 S. E. 541); Basch v. Frankenstein, 134 Ga. 518 (68 S. E. 75); Louisville & Nashville Railroad Co. v. Nelson, 145 Ga. 594 (3) (89 S. E. 693).
4. The court did not err in overruling the demurrers to the original petition, which judgment is excepted to in the cross-bill of exceptions; but the court did err in sustaining ground (1) of the renewed demurrer to the petition, since the plaintiff's amendment, alleging that there was no guardianship that be was under and that the estate was never administered, met the ground of attack of the sustained demurrer to the original petition.
Stevens & Stevens, for defendant.
Randall Evans Jr., for plaintiff.
DECIDED JUNE 13, 1950.
Saturday May 23 05:56 EDT


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