A Henry County jury found Howard A. Harper guilty of DUI -- less safe driver and reckless driving. He appeals the jury's verdict by challenging (1) the sufficiency of the evidence against him, and (2) the trial court's denial of his motion for mistrial based on an allegedly improper comment made by the prosecutor during closing argument. Finding no merit to Harper's contentions, we affirm.
1. The evidence shows that a Hampton city police officer found Harper's car rolling slowly on the shoulder of a road just outside the Hampton city limits in Henry County. The officer discovered Harper slumped behind the wheel, smelling strongly of an alcoholic beverage. The officer asked Harper if he knew where he was, and Harper replied, "Spalding County." When asked to exit the car, Harper almost lost his footing; he was unsteady on his feet, staggering; and his eyes were watery and bloodshot. A field alco-sensor test showed positive for the presence of alcohol. Subsequent attempts to conduct field sobriety tests were abandoned when it appeared Harper's advanced state of intoxication prevented conducting such tests safely. Thereafter, Harper told another officer that he was driving home from work in Fairburn.
Harper contends the evidence was insufficient to show that he was driving or in actual physical control of a moving vehicle. We disagree. Besides the strong inferences that can be drawn from Harper's presence slumped behind the wheel of a vehicle rolling along the shoulder of the road, Harper also admitted he was driving the automobile home from work. 1
We find this evidence sufficient for a rational trier of fact to have found beyond a reasonable doubt that Harper was in actual physical control of a moving vehicle. 2
2. Closing arguments were not recorded. However, the trial transcript shows that Harper registered an objection to a portion of the State's closing argument as containing an allegedly improper comment on the defendant's failure to put up evidence. While not agreeing that the prosecutor's comment was improper, the trial court, as a precautionary measure, instructed the jury that no adverse inference should be drawn from the defendant's failure to testify and that the defendant has no burden of proof.
Later, at the hearing on the motion for new trial, the prosecutor's allegedly improper comment was established as, "[I]f there was another person driving the vehicle, where is that person?" The trial court denied Harper's motion for new trial on this ground, finding that the comment was not improper since the defense questions at trial seemed to imply that someone other than Harper had been driving the car. 3
"The State may note in closing argument the defense's failure to present any evidence to rebut the proof adduced by the State. It is reference to the failure of the defendant himself to testify which is prohibited." 4
Here, the remark Harper finds offensive was related to the fact that Harper had the right to present evidence and subpoena witnesses, yet no one was brought forward as the "real driver" of the vehicle. This is not a comment upon Harper's failure to testify, "but was merely a suggestion that the State's proof of appellant's guilt had not been rebutted." 5
As such, no error appears.
John T. Rutherford, Solicitor, Christopher E. Chapman, Assistant Solicitor, for appellee.