Parker and three others were indicted for the November 2, 1986 rape, kidnapping and armed robbery of a woman. Parker pled guilty to the rape and the lesser included offenses of false imprisonment and robbery, and on April 16, 1987 he was sentenced to life imprisonment for the rape and ten and twenty years probation respectively on the remaining two offenses, to run consecutively with each other and with the life sentence. The sentences were affirmed by the Superior Courts Sentence Review Panel in an order filed January 22, 1988.
The case is now before this court on Parker's pro se appeal from the denial of his June 14, 1994, pro se "Petition to Correct Void Sentence(s) and Motion for Modification of sentence(s)" in regard to the life sentence imposed for rape. Such an action may be brought in the trial court; habeas corpus is not the exclusive procedure for challenging the validity of a sentence. Jefferson v. State, 205 Ga. App. 687 (1) (423 SE2d 425) (1992)
, citing McCranie v. State, 157 Ga. App. 110
, 111 (3) (276 SE2d 263
Parker contends that inasmuch as he was not indicted as a recidivist, the imposition of a life sentence for rape constituted "a violation of due process" because OCGA 17-10-1
(a), in the version in effect at the time of his sentencing, mandated a sentence for a determinate number of years.
When Parker was sentenced, OCGA 17-10-1
(a) provided in pertinent part: "Except in cases in which life imprisonment or the death penalty must be imposed, upon a verdict or plea of guilty in any case involving a misdemeanor or felony and after a presentence hearing, the judge fixing the sentence shall prescribe a determinate sentence for a specific number of months or years, which shall be within the minimum and maximum prescribed by law as the punishment for the crime." The punishment for rape was "imprisonment for life or . . . imprisonment for not less than one nor more than 20 years." OCGA 16-6-1
The trial judge's interpretation of the effect of OCGA 17-10-1
(a) on OCGA 16-6-1
(b) is at issue.
In a similar due process challenge to the imposition of life sentences, this court has rejected the position that under former OCGA 17-10-1
(a) a defendant must be given a sentence for a specific number of years. Jefferson v. State, 209 Ga. App. 859
, 862 (2) (434 SE2d 814
) (1993). The same version of OCGA 17-10-1
(a) applied in Jefferson's case, which is first reported at Jefferson v. State, 199 Ga. App. 594 (405 SE2d 575) (1991)
. We followed the court's holding on this issue, which figured in the latest Jefferson case, in Williams v. State, 214 Ga. App. 421
, 422 (4) (447 SE2d 714
) (1994), and do so here. See also Cofield v. State, 216 Ga. App. 623 (455 SE2d 342) (1995)
Appellant's sentence is valid.
J. Tom Morgan, District Attorney, Barbara B. Conroy, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.