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Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
CRIDER v. THE STATE.
42353.
Possessing and transporting liquor. Heard Superior Court. Before Judge Knight.
NICHOLS, Presiding Judge.
1. A search made after a legal arrest with permission of the arrested person is not an illegal search and the fruits of such a search are not inadmissible in evidence.
2. The admission of evidence, if error, is not harmful where the defendant, who is complaining of the admission of such evidence, thereafter in his unsworn statement testifies to the same facts.
3. An enumeration of error which is supported neither by argument nor by citation of authority is considered as having been abandoned.
5. A mere general objection to the court's charge which does not specify the error complained of and the correction needed to cure the same is insufficient to present any question for decision.
On the day following the trial in Crider v. State, 114 Ga. App. 522, the defendant was tried under two indictments. One indictment charged him with possessing more than one quart of tax-paid liquor in a dry county while the other charged him with transporting liquor. The cases were consolidated for trial and after the jury convicted on both indictments motions for new trial were overruled and the defendant appealed.
1. Numerous of the defendant's enumerations of error relate directly to the question of whether the officers who arrested the defendant and discovered the contraband liquor in the automobile being operated by him conducted an illegal search of such automobile.
At the time the defendant was arrested the State Patrol was conducting a "license check" on a highway in Heard County. The defendant, along with other motorists, was stopped and a trooper asked to see his license. The defendant first professed that he had left his billfold at home when another trooper recognized the defendant as having had his license revoked and arrested him. The defendant was then asked how much liquor he had and was told that the trooper would have to search his automobile. To this the defendant stated: "There's no use searching. I got almost three cases of red liquor. You can go ahead and search." The trooper then opened the trunk of the automobile where the liquor was located. The defendant, in his unsworn statement, confirmed the above facts with the following explanation. When asked if he had any liquor he remained silent, and when told of the proposed search he replied: "There's the car is."
The original arrest did not constitute an illegal arrest. See Ga. L. 1937, p. 322; Ga. L. 1951, p. 598 (Code Ann. 92A-9906, 92A-9907). Tanner v. State, 114 Ga. App. 35 (150 SE2d 189). Therefore, the search was not in connection with an illegal arrest but was rather after a legal arrest.
"Where permission is voluntarily granted by one under legal arrest to search the premises on which the arrest is made, the search is legal and evidence obtained as a result of such search is admissible, although in connection with another crime than that for which the defendant was originally arrested. Harris v. U. S., 331 U. S. 145 (67 SC 1098, 91 LE 1399)." Barron v. State, 109 Ga. App. 786 (2) (137 SE2d 690). The testimony of the State as well as the defendant's unsworn statement showed permission to search the automobile was given. The statement of the defendant: "There's the car is," could only mean go ahead and search the car. Accordingly, the enumerations of error based upon illegal search and seizure and illegal arrest are without merit.
2. Enumeration of error number 6 complains that the trial court erred in admitting testimony that the defendant did not have a valid driver's license at the time he stopped for the "license check." The defendant in his unsworn statement admitted that he did not have a license when stopped by the patrol. Therefore, the admission of such evidence, if error, was not harmful error. See Shelley v. State, 108 Ga. App. 6 (2) (132 SE2d 228), and citations.
3. Under Rule 17 (c) (2) of this court, enumerations of error not supported in the brief by citations of authority or argument shall be deemed to have been abandoned. The seventh enumeration of error is not mentioned in the appellant's brief and must be considered as having been abandoned. See Wall v. Rhodes, 112 Ga. App. 572 (145 SE2d 756).
If this was known at the time the jury retired, objection should have been made which would be shown in the record, and if not discovered until after verdict, a motion for new trial raising such question is a necessary prerequisite to a consideration of such alleged error by this court. See Ga. L. 1966, pp. 493, 494.
5. The remaining enumerations of error complain of the court's charge. Under the decision in Georgia Power Co. v. Maddox, 113 Ga. App. 642 (149 SE2d 393), a general objection to the court's charge was insufficient to present for review the questions raised by the enumerations of error. Such procedure is made applicable to criminal cases by the Act of 1966, supra (Ga. L. 1966, pp. 493, 498).
Judgment affirmed. Hall and Deen, JJ., concur.
Wright Lipford, Solicitor General, for appellee.
Johnson & Johnson, William P. Johnson, for appellant.
SUBMITTED OCTOBER 3, 1966 -- DECIDED OCTOBER 11, 1966 -- REHEARING DENIED OCTOBER 27, 1966 -- CERT. APPLIED FOR.
Friday May 22 20:39 EDT


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