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S. H. KRESS & COMPANY v. FLANIGAN.
38701.
Action for damages. Fulton Superior Court. Before Judge Tanksley.
NICHOLS, Judge.
The petition set forth a .cause of action and the trial court did not err in overruling the general demurrers.
Mrs. Effie Baker Flanigan sued S. H. Kress & Co. to recover for injuries allegedly sustained when she fell while walking down a flight of stairs in a store operated by the defendant. It was alleged that there was a foreign substance on the stairs which caused the plaintiff to fall. The defendant demurred to the plaintiff's petition, and after a series of amendments and renewed demurrers, the trial court overruled the defendant's general demurrers as well as several special demurrers. The defendant assigns error on the judgment adverse to it and contends that the plaintiff's petition is fatally defective for two reasons; 1. It fails to allege actionable negligence on the part of the defendant, and 2, because the petition shows on its face that the plaintiff was failing to exercise ordinary care for her own safety.
1. In support of its first contention, that the petition fails to allege actionable negligence, the defendant cites Jones v. West End Theatre Co., 94 Ga. App. 299, 303 (94 S. E. 2d 135), where it was held that an allegation that a defective condition had existed for a period of ten minutes was insufficient to authorize a recovery where only implied knowledge of such defect was alleged. In that case it was alleged that the defective condition had existed for "ten or fifteen minutes" and, while in the present case there is no allegation as to the length of time (in minutes, hours or days), that the condition existed, the plaintiff's case is based on the opportunity that the defendant had to discover and rectify such defect.
The petition as finally amended alleged, with reference to the defendant's opportunity to have discovered such defective condition, that: "The right portion of the lower steps from the aforesaid landing to the basement or bottom floor was covered with some white slippery substance, a part of which the plaintiff had slipped in when she had stepped on the aforesaid step and slipped. That this substance had been tracked throughout the remaining portion and parts of the basement floor and some of the white slippery substance had been tracked by someone on the left bottom portion of the left side of the stairs for approximately four or five steps from the basement towards the ground floor but had not been brought up to or beyond the aforesaid landing. The left side of which was just described means to the left side of the aforesaid stairway from a person descending the steps or would have been to the right side of a person ascending the aforesaid steps, but this had worn off before the tracks reached the landing on the upper portion of the aforesaid steps. Plaintiff shows that defendant could have by the exercise of ordinary care known of this slippery substance because approximately six feet directly in front of the bottom portion of this stairway and within easy sight of the stairway was a servant, agent, or employee of the defendant at the time plaintiff fell. The plaintiff further shows that to the left of the aforesaid stairway and in full view of this stairway, another servant, agent, or employee who was working at a counter could have easily detected this aforesaid white substance in which the plaintiff slipped which had been tracked throughout the remaining portion of the store. Plaintiff shows that there was also a floorwalker, or manager, that from most any part could have seen the condition of the bottom portion of the staircase as aforesaid and also could have easily detected that people also tracked such substances throughout the store and this white substance appeared in several places about the defendant's store. Plaintiff shows that the defendant knew or by the use of ordinary care should have known of the white slippery substance that cause the aforesaid dangerous condition because its aforesaid servant, agent or employee had for a time prior to the time that the plaintiff slipped and fell been on duty in the proximity of the stairway upon which the plaintiff fell, and the aforesaid white substance had been tracked out into the basement portion of the store by persons who had descended the same stairway prior to the plaintiff's fall. Plaintiff alleges that the said matter had remained on the aforesaid landing for such a length of time to give the defendant corporation reasonable notice of the dangerous condition of its stairway, prior to plaintiff's fall, because Christmas shopping patrons of the defendant corporation had tracked the substance from the steps upon which the plaintiff fell throughout the remaining portion of the basement floor and some of it had actually been tracked back up and onto the bottom steps on the left-hand side of the aforesaid stairway upon which the plaintiff fell."
Under these allegations it cannot be said as a matter of law that the defendant did not have an opportunity to discover and either warn the plaintiff, or correct the alleged defect.
2. The sole remaining contention of the defendant is that under the allegations of the petition the plaintiff was not exercising ordinary care for her own safety. This contention is based on the ruling of this court in White v. City of Manchester, 92 Ga. App. 642 (89 S. E. 2d 581), which held that a plaintiff who was injured when she fell down a concrete stairway was precluded from a recovery where she failed to see a crack in the first step which was large enough to catch the heel of a woman's shoe. It was further held in that case that there were no sufficient allegations to explain and excuse the plaintiff from not seeing the obvious defect.
Under these allegations it cannot be said that the plaintiff was, as a matter of law, failing to exercise ordinary care for her own safety. See American Legion, Dept. of Georgia v. Simonton, 94 Ga. App. 184 (94 S. E. 2d 66).
The plaintiff's petition alleged a cause of action against the defendant for the negligence of the defendant in connection with the foreign substance alleged to have been on the steps, and the trial court did not err in overruling the defendant's general demurrers to the petition as amended.
Judgment affirmed. Felton, C. J., and Bell, J., concur.
William C. Rimmer, Jr., Woodrow Tucker, contra.
W. Neal Baird, Hurt, Gaines, Baird, Peek & Peabody, Joe C. Freeman, Jr., for plaintiff in error.
DECIDED MARCH 9, 1961.
Friday May 22 23:44 EDT


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