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Action for damages. Lowndes Superior Court. Before Judge Lilly. April 8, 1960.
1. Where service of a main bill of exceptions after certification is waived before certification and such main bill of exceptions is not filed with the clerk of the trial court for more than 10 days, but is filed within the time provided by law, the 20-day period for filing a cross-bill of exceptions begins to run from the last date on which service of such bill of exceptions could have been perfected had such service not been waived.
2. A ground of a motion for new trial which, in order to be understood requires a consideration of the evidence, must either set forth the evidence relied upon or point out where in the record such evidence may be found.
3. A charge which authorizes the jury to apply the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur without instructing the jury that the plaintiff, in order to recover, must prove at least one ground of negligence alleged is error.
4. The evidence did not demand the verdict found by the jury.
Elwood Montgomery sued the Valdosta Coca Cola Bottling Works, Inc., to recover for injuries allegedly sustained when he drank part of a Coca Cola bottled by the defendant which contained a harmful foreign substance. On the trial of the issue thus made the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff. There after the defendant's amended motion for new trial was overruled after the plaintiff's motion to dismiss such motion for new trial was overruled. The defendant assigns error in the main bill of exceptions on the judgment overruling its motion for new trial while the defendant, in the cross-bill of exceptions, assigns error on the judgment of the trial court overruling his motion to dismiss the defendant's motion for new trial. The defendant has filed a motion in this court to dismiss the crossbill of exceptions.
1. The motion to dismiss the cross-bill of exceptions complains that it was not tendered to the trial court within the time provided by the act of 1946 (Ga. L. 1946, p. 726, 734; Code Ann. 6-809).
The main bill of exceptions was tendered to the plaintiff by the defendant on May 7, 1960, prior to certification by the trial court on this same date, and at such time the plaintiff waived further service including service of the bill of exceptions after certification. On May 21, 1960, the main bill of exceptions was filed in the office of the clerk, and thereafter on June 9, 1960, the plaintiff's cross-bill of exceptions was served on the defendant, tendered to the trial court and approved, and filed in the office of the clerk of the superior court.
The act of 1953 (Ga. L. 1953, Nov.-Dec. Sess., pp. 440, 456; Code Ann. 6-911), provides that after a bill of exceptions is signed and certified the party plaintiff therein (the plaintiff in error in this court), shall serve a copy thereof on the opposite party or his attorney within 10 days. However, such service may be waived as was done in the case sub judice. The act of 1952 (Ga. L. 1952, p. 191), amending Code 6-1001 provides that within 15 days from the date of the certificate of the trial judge the bill of exceptions shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the court where the case was tried.
Counsel for the plaintiff, in his brief in opposition to the motion to dismiss the cross-bill of exceptions, contends that, where as in the present case, service of the certified bill of exceptions has been waived before certification the 20 days in which a cross-bill of exceptions may be filed does not begin until the main bill is filed in accordance with Code Ann. 6-1001, supra. Such contention being in conflict with Code Ann. 6-809, supra, which provides that such time begins to run from the date of service of the certified bill of exceptions, which service when not waived, must be performed 5 days before the last date on which the filing may be performed, is without merit. No ruling is here made, nor indeed could one be made, as to the beginning date of such period where the service has been waived and the bill of exceptions filed in less than 10 days after certification.
The bill of exceptions was certified on May 7, 1960, and the last day on which service, had it not been waived, could have been made on the plaintiff by the defendant was May 17, 1960. The 20th day thereafter, the last date on which the cross-bill of exceptions could have been perfected, was June 6, 1960. The cross-bill of exceptions, not having been presented until June 9, 1960, came too late, and the defendant's motion to dismiss such cross-bill must be granted.
2. The first special ground of the defendant's motion for new trial assigns error on a quoted excerpt from the charge because such excerpt of the charge expressed an opinion of the court as to what had been proved on the trial of the case.
Assuming, but not deciding, that the excerpt complained of did express an opinion by the trial court as to what had been proved, yet, unless it instructed the jury that such fact or facto were proven when actually such fact or facts were disputed, no error is shown. "That the court intimates an opinion upon an uncontested and undisputed fact is not cause for a new trial as being in violation of Code 81-1104. Daniel v. Charping, 151 Ga. 34 (105 S. E. 465); Rentz v. Collins, 51 Ga. App. 782 (181 S. E. 678) and citations; Carter v. State, 7 Ga. App. 42 (65 S. E. 1090)." Abbott v. State, 91 Ga. App. 380 (3) (85 S. E. 2d 615. 'The ground of the motion for new trial does not set forth the evidence relied on to show that such fact or facts were disputed as was necessary prior to the enactment of the act of 1957 (Ga. L. 1957, pp. 224, 232; Code Ann. 6-901), nor as provided for in such act of 1957, supra, was the place or places in the record pointed out where such evidence could be found. This ground of the motion for new trial is incomplete and cannot be considered. See Brewer v. Henson, 96 Ga. App. 501, 503 (100 S. E. 2d 661); Maxwell v. State, 97 Ga. App. 334 (1) (103 S. E. 2d 162); and Emory University v. Lee, 97 Ga. App. 680, 701 (104 S. E. 2d 234).
3. Special ground 2 of the defendant's amended motion for new trial complains that the trial court erred in charging as follows: "If it is found from the evidence by the preponderance thereof that the plaintiff did drink some of the Coca Cola from the bottle which contained a foreign substance and if it is further found by the jury that the beverage causing the injury was bottled by the defendant, the jury is authorized to find that the defendant was negligent in allowing an injurious substance to get into the bottle, in the absence of proof by the defendant of the foreign substance getting into the bottle through some agency over which the defendant had no 'control, provided that you further find that the bottle was not opened from the time it left the defendant-plant until the bottle was opened by the plaintiff."
This charge (except for the substitution of the words "the jury is authorized to find that" for the words "the jury may draw the inference"), is in substance the same charge which the Supreme Court, in the case of Moore v. Macon Coca Cola Bottling Co., 180 Ga. 335 (2) (178 S. E. 711), held should not be given even upon proper request. In the case of Macon Coca Cola Bottling Co. v. Chancey, 216 Ga. 61, 66 (114 S. E. 2d 517), the Supreme Court held that such ruling was not in conflict with what was there .held and then added: "Furthermore, there were two dissents on the ruling made in division 2 of the Moore case; and this court is not bound by the ruling." Both cases were decided by less than a full bench of the Supreme Court and under such circumstances this court is bound by the older decision of the Supreme Court, and it must be held that the charge given was error, and this is true regardless of the personal views of the members of this court as to the correctness of such charge. See Davis v. State, 92 Ga. App. 627 (3) (89 S. E. 2d 548).
4. Inasmuch as the case must be tried again neither the usual general grounds of the motion for new trial nor the sole remaining special ground of such motion, which is merely an amplification of the usual general grounds, will be considered further than to state that the verdict rendered was not demanded as a matter of law by the evidence.
Judgment reversed on the main bill o exceptions. Cross-bill dismissed. Felton, C. J., and Bell, J., concur.
Robert L. Cork, contra.
Copeland & Smith, J. Lundie Smith, for plaintiff in error.
Saturday May 23 00:25 EDT

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