Title 12, Chapter 5, Section 122
As used in this part, the term:
(1) "Abandoned well" means a well or borehole, the use of which
has been permanently discontinued, which is in such a state of
disrepair that continued use for obtaining ground water or for
other useful purposes is impracticable, or from which ground water
for useful purposes is not obtainable.
(2) "Aquifer" means a geologic formation, group of formations, or
a part of a formation that is capable of yielding water to a well.
(3) "Borehole" means a hole made into the earth's surface and
extending at least 50 feet into the earth or at least ten feet
below the water table, whichever is greater, with a drill, auger,
or other tool for the purpose of: exploring subsurface strata in
search of minerals, engineering or geologic data, water for water
supply, blasting purposes, or monitoring.
(4) "Capping" or "cap" means the temporary placing of a watertight
seal on the upper terminal of a completed well so that no surface
pollutants can enter the well.
(5) "Casing" means an impervious durable pipe placed in a well to
prevent the walls from caving and to seal off surface drainage or
undesirable water, gas, or other fluids to prevent them from
entering the well and includes specifically, but is not limited
to, the following:
(A) "Liner pipe" which shall mean a well casing installed
without driving within a protective casing or open drillhole;
(B) "Protective casing" which shall mean the permanent casing of
the well; and
(C) "Temporary casing" which shall mean a temporary casing
placed in soft, sandy, or caving subsurface formations to
prevent the hole from caving during drilling.
(6) "Construction" means all acts necessary to construct a well or
borehole for any intended purpose or use, including locating and
drilling and the installation of pumps and pumping equipment.
(7) "Contaminant" means any physical, chemical, biological, or
radiological substance or matter in water, in excess of naturally
(8) "Corehole" means a borehole made into the earth's surface and
extending at least 50 feet into the earth or at least ten feet
below the water table, whichever is greater, with a hollow drill
to sample a cylindrical section of the earth's strata beneath the
surface of the land or water.
(9) "Council" means the State Water Well Standards Advisory
(10) "Dewatering well" means any well withdrawing 100,000 gallons
of ground water or less on any one day in order to remove ground
water from the vicinity of an excavation and which extends at
least 50 feet into the earth or at least ten feet below the water
table, whichever is greater.
(11) "Director" means the Director of the Environmental Protection
Division of the Department of Natural Resources, State of Georgia,
or his designee.
(12) "Division" means the Environmental Protection Division of the
Department of Natural Resources, State of Georgia.
(13) "Driller" means any person who engages in drilling or
drilling operations and the installation of pumps and pumping
equipment. Driller shall not include a person who only installs
pumps and pumping equipment.
(14) "Drilling" or "drilling operation" means creating an
excavation, well, borehole, or corehole by coring, boring,
jetting, digging, driving, or otherwise constructing for any
intended purpose or use, including locating, testing, or
withdrawing ground water which is intended or usable as a source
of water supply.
(15) "Engineering borehole" means a borehole for which the primary
purpose is to collect data for engineering design.
(16) "Filled, sealed, and plugged" means the placing of impervious
material when appropriate in the well or borehole to prevent
pollutants from entering the subsurface strata or water-bearing
formations from the surface, to conserve the aquifer yield or
artesian head, or to eliminate physical hazards.
(17) "Geologic borehole" means any borehole not regulated under
the authority of Part 2 of Article 2 of Chapter 4 of this title
for which the primary purpose is to collect data for geologic,
geophysical, or mineral resource evaluations.
(18) "Ground water" means water of underground streams, channels,
artesian basins, reservoirs, lakes, and other water under the
surface of the earth, whether public or private, natural or
artificial, which is contained within, flows through, or borders
upon this state or any portion thereof, including those portions
of the Atlantic Ocean over which the state has jurisdiction.
(19) "Individual water well" means any well constructed for the
purpose of obtaining ground water to supply water appurtenant to a
single-family dwelling and intended for domestic use, including,
but not limited to, household purposes, farm livestock, or
(20) "Industrial well" means any well constructed for the purpose
of withdrawing 100,000 gallons of ground water or less on any one
day for processing or cooling water or for purposes other than
(21) "Irrigation well" means any well constructed for the purpose
of obtaining ground water to supply irrigation water for
agriculture, silviculture, golf courses, fish farms, and land
beautification, but excluding single-family irrigation of lawns or
(22) "Monitoring well" means any well for which the primary
purpose is to collect data for hydrologic, geohydrologic, or
ground water quality or quantity evaluations.
(23) "Nonpublic water well" means any well constructed as a source
of water supply for a water system which provides piped water to
the public for human consumption, if such system has less than 15
service connections or regularly serves less than 25 individuals,
excluding individual water wells.
(24) "Person" means any individual, partnership, association,
trust, firm, corporation, county, municipality, or other entity,
including the state and the federal government.
(25) "Pollutant" means dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator
residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical
wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked
or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, industrial
wastes, municipal wastes, agricultural wastes, or any other wastes
or substances that do not naturally occur in the aquifer.
(26) "Professional engineer" means a person registered to practice
professional engineering in the State of Georgia in accordance
with Chapter 15 of Title 43.
(27) "Professional geologist" means a person registered to
practice as a geologist in the State of Georgia in accordance with
Chapter 19 of Title 43.
(28) "Seismic shot hole" means any borehole in which explosives
are detonated for the purpose of seismic investigations.
(29) "Under the direction of a professional geologist or
professional engineer" means that a professional geologist or
professional engineer has reviewed well or borehole drilling,
construction, and abandonment plans or criteria and has provided
instructions to the driller as to how the well or borehole is to
be drilled, constructed, or abandoned.
(30) "Water table" means, exclusive of perched conditions, the
shallowest permanent occurrence of ground water.
(31) "Water well" means any excavation which is cored, bored,
drilled, jetted, dug, or otherwise constructed for the purpose of
locating, testing, or withdrawing ground water and which is
intended or usable as a source of water supply for individual
homes, farms, irrigation, industrial processes, public water
systems, or nonpublic water systems.
(32) "Water well contractor" means any person engaging in the
business of constructing water wells and installing pumps and
pumping equipment. Water well contractor shall not include a
person who only installs pumps and pumping equipment.
(33) "Well" means any excavation in which the vertical dimension
exceeds the horizontal dimension that is bored, cored, drilled,
dug, jetted, or otherwise constructed for the purpose of locating,
testing, or withdrawing ground water; or for evaluating, testing,
developing, draining, or recharging ground water reservoirs or
aquifers; or for the exploration, evaluating, testing, or
developing of minerals; or which causes the movement of water from
or into any aquifer or subsurface strata; and shall include
engineering and geologic boreholes.